An Examination Of The 2020 Electorate Based On Validated Voters
By Ruth Igielnik, Scott Keeter and Hannah Hartig
Pew Research Center conducted this study to understand how Americans voted in 2020 and how their turnout and vote choices differed from 2016 and 2018. For this analysis, we surveyed U.S. adults online and verified their turnout in the three general elections using commercial voter files that aggregate official state turnout records. Panelists for whom a record of voting was located are considered validated voters all others are presumed not to have voted.
We surveyed 11,818 U.S. adults online in November 2020, 10,640 adults in November 2018 and 4,183 adults in November and December 2016. The surveys were supplemented with measures taken from annual recruitment and profile surveys conducted in 2018 and 2020. Everyone who took part is a member of Pew Research Centers American Trends Panel , an online survey panel recruited through national, random sampling of telephone numbers or, since 2018, residential addresses. This way nearly all U.S. adults have a chance of selection. The surveys are weighted to be representative of the U.S. adult population by gender, race, ethnicity, partisan affiliation, education, turnout and vote choice in the three elections, and many other characteristics. Read more about the ATPs methodology.
Here are the questions used for this report and its methodology.
Validated voters, defined
Here are some of the other key findings from the analysis:
List Of United States Presidential Candidates By Number Of Votes Received
Following is a list of United States presidential candidates by number of votes received. Elections have tended to have more participation in each successive election, due to the increasing population of the United States, and, in some instances, expansion of the right to vote to larger segments of society. Prior to the election of 1824, most states did not have a popular vote. In the election of 1824, only 18 of the 24 states held a popular vote, but by the election of 1828, 22 of the 24 states held a popular vote. Minor candidates are excluded if they received fewer than 100,000 votes, or less than .1% of the vote in their election year.
With States Still Counting Trump Falsely Claims He Won
President Donald Trump made a series of false and misleading claims about the 2020 election and vote-counting processes early Wednesday morning, ranging from how he’s fared so far in the race to what will happen next.
Here’s a look at his claims, including the states he incorrectly claimed to have won and baseless allegations that his supporters were being disenfranchised.
Neither NBC News nor any other major news organization has declared a winner in the 2020 presidential race, and either candidate, Joe Biden or Trump, could still win. Here’s what the president said, and the facts.
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Claim: The Ongoing Count ‘is A Fraud On The American Public’
“This is an embarrassment to our country. We were getting ready to win this election, frankly we did win this election,” Trump added.
This is false. States are legally obligated to count ballots cast by eligible voters, which does not amount to fraud, and Trump has not won. He could still win, but so could Biden.
Wa Poll Shows Just How Many Republicans Distrust Election Results Mail Ballots
Most Washington voters say they have no doubt about President Joe Bidens win in the 2020 presidential election, but a third of Republicans echo Donald Trumps false insistence that he actually won, according to a new statewide poll.
The WA Poll of 731 registered voters found widespread trust in the national election results, Washingtons mail-in ballot system and local elections officials. But there are stark partisan divides.
Overall, 57% of voters said Biden won, with no fraud concerns 19% expressed some doubts and concerns about fraud and 15% said Trump won.
Among self-described Democrats in the poll, 87% indicated no concern about fraud sullying the presidential election. But only 22% of self-described Republicans agreed, with 39% saying there was some fraud and that Biden may or may not have won, and 33% saying there was major fraud and that Trump truly won.
Conducted online July 6-10 by SurveyUSA, the WA Poll reached 825 adults, including 731 registered voters and 596 likely voters, using a population sample provided by Lucid Holdings. The respondents were weighted to U.S. Census proportions for gender, age, race, education and home ownership.
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Ample Evidence Fraud Did Not Affect Election Outcome
In the immediate aftermath of Biden’s win, election officials insisted the results were legitimate.
“The November 3rd election was the most secure in American history,” the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency and its partners said in a November 2020 statement. “There is no evidence that any voting system deleted or lost votes, changed votes or was in any way compromised.”
Trump’s own attorney general, William Barr, said in early December 2020 that the Justice Department had “not seen fraud on a scale that could have affected a different outcome in the election.” Biden won the presidencywith 306 electoral votes, which Congress certified in January 2021 after the Capitol riot.
At the time, some Republican lawmakers also pushed back on claims of widespread fraud.
“Nothing before us proves illegality anywhere near the massive scale, the massive scale that would have tipped the entire election nor can public doubt alone justify a radical break when the doubt itself was incited without any evidence,” Sen. Mitch McConnell, the Senate’s top Republican said in his address to the chamber before it was evacuated during the Jan. 6 insurrection.
Since then, a mountain of evidence including lawsuits, recounts, forensic audits and even partisan reviews has affirmed those results.
In those battleground states, numerous audits and recounts have affirmed Biden’s win:
Fact check:What’s true about the 2020 election, vote counting, Electoral College
Us Election 2020 Polls: Who Is Ahead
Voters in America will decide on 3 November whether Donald Trump remains in the White House for another four years.
The Republican president is being challenged by Democratic Party nominee Joe Biden, who is best known as Barack Obama’s vice-president but has been in US politics since the 1970s.
As election day approaches, polling companies will be trying to gauge the mood of the nation by asking voters which candidate they prefer.
We’ll be keeping track of those polls here and trying to work out what they can and can’t tell us about who will win the election.
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Pivot Counties In The 2020 Presidential Election
Pivot Counties are the 206 counties nationwide Ballotpedia identified as having voted for Barack Obama in the 2008 and 2012 presidential elections and Donald Trump in 2016. Media and political observers sometimes refer to these counties as swing counties.
- 181 Retained Pivot Counties across 32 states: Trump won these counties with a median margin of victory of 13.2 percentage points.
- 25 Boomerang Pivot Counties across 16 states: Biden won these counties with a median margin of victory of 3.4 percentage points.
Heres Why 74 Million Voted For Trump
Readers analyses of the reasons include that voters liked his policies, if not the man a Democratic failure to communicate a vision and racist dog whistles.
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To the Editor:
Re Why Did So Many Americans Vote for Trump?, by Will Wilkinson :
The question posed by Mr. Wilkinson is one I have asked myself many times. The answer I have received from friends who are staunch Trump supporters is that they like his policies but not the man. They agree he is dishonest and a man of flawed character, but defend his policies as being the best for this nation.
The policies these friends most favor are smaller government, a bigger military, anti-abortion laws and strong enforcement of immigration laws. Emotions run so high in support of President Trump that reasoned debate has become impossible if friendship is to be maintained.
The friends of whom I speak are good honest people with strong values. They love their families and country. We must remember this if we are to overcome the division among us.
To the Editor:
An open society and a functioning economy are not compatible with long-term shutdowns. This former Obama voter voted twice for Donald Trump. There are millions more of us, and we are not going away.
Paul LevyCarolina Beach, N.C.
To the Editor:
Joan AlbertTarrytown, N.Y.
To the Editor:
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Biden Breaks Obamas Record In Popular Votes
Joe Biden will enter the Oval Office in January having made history. Barack Obama had set the previous all-time record with 69,498,516 votes in 2008 , while he got 65,915,795 in his re-election in 2012 .
Biden’s performance is incredible considering the voter enthusiasm – especially among young people – that his former boss had in 2008.
Donald Trump 2020 Presidential Campaign
|Donald Trump for President 2020|
The Donald Trump 2020 presidential campaign was an unsuccessful re-election campaign for the 2020 United States presidential election by incumbent RepublicanDonald Trump. Trump was inaugurated for his first term on January 20, 2017, and officially announced his reelection campaign on June 18, 2019.
Trump refused to accept the results he and his allies made false and disproven claims of fraud, pressured elections officials, filed dozens of lawsuits , and directly attempted to overturn the results at the county, state, and federal level. This culminated in the January 6, 2021, attack on the United States Capitol, for which Trump was impeached a second time. The day after the attack, Trump formally conceded the election without mentioning president-elect Biden by name, in a video posted on .
Researchers estimate that the rallies Trump held from June 20 through September 22 caused more than 30,000 diagnosed cases of COVID-19 and more than 700 deaths.
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Minor Parties And Independents
Third party and independent candidates who have obtained more than 100,000 votes nationally or on Ballot in at least 15 states are listed separately.
Ballot access to 84 electoral votes :map
- As write-in: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, California, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Kansas, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin
- No ballot access: District of Columbia, Florida, Hawaii, Indiana, Mississippi, Nevada, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wyoming
In some states, Evan McMullin’s running mate was listed as Nathan Johnson on the ballot rather than Mindy Finn, although Nathan Johnson was intended to only be a placeholder until an actual running mate was chosen.
|2016 Independent ticket|
Election Night And The Next Day
The news media and election experts were surprised at Trump’s winning the Electoral College. On the eve of the vote, spread betting firm Spreadex had Clinton at an Electoral College spread of 307322 against Trump’s 216231. The final polls showed a lead by Clinton and in the end she did receive more votes. Trump himself expected, based on polling, to lose the election, and rented a small hotel ballroom to make a brief concession speech, later remarking: “I said if we’re going to lose I don’t want a big ballroom.” Trump performed surprisingly well in all battleground states, especially Florida, Iowa, Ohio, and North Carolina. Even Wisconsin, Pennsylvania, and Michigan, states that had been predicted to vote Democratic, were won by Trump.Cindy Adams reported that “Trumptown knew they’d won by 5:30. Math, calculations, candidate dislike causing voter abstention begat the numbers.”
After networks called Pennsylvania for Trump, putting him with 264 electoral votes while he had a five-point lead in Arizona, which gives eleven electoral votes that would put Trump above the majority of 270, Clinton realized she had no chance to win the election and called Trump early Wednesday morning to concede defeat. Clinton was unable to make a public concession that night, as she had no concession speech written.
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Biden Team Already Working Toward Transition
Biden will be inaugurated as president on Jan. 20, whether Trump acknowledges his win as legitimate or not. Biden has already begun the process of transitioning to the countrys highest office.
Though Trump has not formally conceded, his administration has granted the new administration access to intelligence briefings, office space, secure computers and other government services, USA TODAY previously reported. Trump tweeted Nov. 23 that the move was made at his recommendation.
The announcement, made by Emily Murphy of the General Services Administration, allocated over $6 million to Bidens transition team for hiring and other transition-related expenses. Since then, Biden has made a number of Cabinet picks, including his chief of staff, Treasury secretary, director of national intelligence, head of the Department of Homeland Security, ambassador to the United Nations, climate change envoy, secretary of State, Defense secretary and Health and Human Services secretary.
Far Too Little Vote Fraud To Tip Election To Trump Ap Finds
ATLANTA An Associated Press review of every potential case of voter fraud in the six battleground states disputed by former President Donald Trump has found fewer than 475 a number that would have made no difference in the 2020 presidential election.
Democrat Joe Biden won Arizona, Georgia, Michigan, Nevada, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin and their 79 Electoral College votes by a combined 311,257 votes out of 25.5 million ballots cast for president. The disputed ballots represent just 0.15% of his victory margin in those states.
The cases could not throw the outcome into question even if all the potentially fraudulent votes were for Biden, which they were not, and even if those ballots were actually counted, which in most cases they were not.
A Wisconsin man who mistakenly thought he could vote while on parole.
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Presidential Election Key Staff
- See also: Presidential election key staffers, 2020
Campaign staff plays an important role in the presidential primaries. The makeup of a candidate’s staff can signal the strength of their support from influential party activists and whether they are aligning with a particular faction or group within the party. Eric Appleman of Democracy in Action describes candidates’ efforts to hire staffers as a “race for talent, both nationally and in key early states.” He adds, “The goal is to assemble a team of top talent that can work together effectively to mobilize resources, boost the candidate and his or her message, and ultimately secure the party’s nomination.”
Presidential candidates will typically have a national staff, which is overseen by a campaign manager and assisted by political consultants, senior advisors, professional polling firms, and key stakeholders such as interest group leaders and major financial supporters. They also build organizations in individual states that are overseen by state directors and staffed by party activists and political professionals well-versed in the particular politics of the area. Candidates often appoint elected officials and other important figures in their party’s coalition as chairs of their national campaign and state-level campaigns.
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Notable Expressions Phrases And Statements
- “Basket of deplorables“: A controversial phrase coined by Hillary Clinton to describe half of those who support Trump.
- “I’m with her”: Clinton’s unofficial campaign slogan .
- “What, like with a cloth or something?”: Said by Hillary Clinton in response to being asked whether she “wiped” her emails during an August 2015 press conference.
- “Why aren’t I 50 points ahead?”: Question asked by Hillary Clinton during a video address to the Laborers’ International Union of North America on September 21, 2016, which was then turned into an opposition ad by the Trump campaign.
- “When they go low, we go high”: Said by then-first lady Michelle Obama during her Democratic conventionspeech. This was later inverted by Eric Holder.
- “Feel the Bern”: A phrase chanted by supporters of the Bernie Sanderscampaign which was officially adopted by his campaign.
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